Addiction – Signs, Symptoms, Causes, and Consequences


Addiction can be anything, ranging from being addicted to objects, activities, and drugs or substances. People often use alcohol and drugs as a source of escape for reality and find themselves wound up or being addicted to it.

However much of an escapade it may be from one’s harsh reality, it often leads to severe damages in the person that may include their health, ability to think or act, and others. It starts with occasional to dependant to the final stage, that is an addiction. Read the addiction research journal.

A Person is Prone to Addiction Due To various reasons. Some of them are:

History of addiction in the family. According to studies, about 60 percent of addiction cases are due to genetic factors.

Inability to scope to failures and negative situations. Example: Stress

Negative thinking.

Depression or underlying anxiety.

Signs Of Addiction:

Any addiction has two primary qualities. The first one is when the person uses more than they like to use. To say with an example, one drink or line of cocaine may lead to more. The second quality of a person tending to become addicted is the usage in spite of knowing its negative consequences or unable to stop themselves.

Symptoms of Addiction:

  • Uncontrollably seeking drugs or engaging in harmful behavior
  • Losing interest or neglecting activities or responsibilities
  • Significant changes in appearance and continuously feeling weak
  • Hiding or maintaining secrecy of behaviors
  • Taking risks, some times to a level or extremity, to obtain substances

Criteria Of Addiction:

Tolerance: How often does the person use drugs or the number or quantity of drugs. 

Withdrawal: The withdrawal symptoms may be physical or emotional. The physical withdrawals include irritability, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, shakes, sweating, or vomiting. The emotional or psychological withdrawal symptoms as major as physical withdrawals.

 Limited Control: The person often has no control or is unable to control drinking or taking drugs and often regret the next day yet continue to do the same.

 Negative Outcomes or Consequences: Although the person is aware of the consequences such as moodiness, loss of relationships, failures, and so on, they continue to use.

 Neglecting or Postponing Activities: The person is often found neglecting or putting away tasks, assignments, meetings, and other requirements due to their regular use of drugs.

Spending a lot of time: The person may often think or spend a significant amount of time thinking about using or finding time to use.

 The desire to cut down: The person finds themselves trying hard to cut down or reduce the consumption or usage yet becomes unsuccessful. For how to cope with addiction, read the rehabilitation journal.

Stages of Addiction:

There are different stages that a person goes through during addiction. The early stage involves continuous of suffering due to their usage although they have a stable career and relationships. This stage gradually deteriorates and leads to the final stage of addiction which is the non-functioning stage. In this stage, the person may have lost their job, or facing a loss in their business, and fail in maintaining relationships.

Consequences of Addiction:

Health Consequences: Prolonged usage or abuse of substances may lead to severe damage of organs such as liver damage, and poor health conditions. They affect the overall appearance of the person in a negative way.

Physical Consequences: They include organ damage, hormone imbalance, HIV/AIDS, cancer, gastrointestinal disease, and fertility or paternal issues.

Neurological and Emotional Consequences: Anxiety, depression, memory loss, paranoia, mood swings, aggression, and psychosis.

Legal Consequences: probation, huge fines, severe jail sentenses, arrest records, transportation difficulty, restrictions on living in certain communities.

 Social Consequences: Loss of job, poor or no relationships with friends and family, suspension or expulsion from teams or organizations, divorce, and aggression.

 Consequences for Adolescents: Suicide, accident, homicide, and grave illness.


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